Fibre View: Livon hair gain Tonic

Tuesday, April 26, 2011

Livon hair gain Tonic


Livon hair gain Tonic
When Livon Hair gain tonic was launched, like most of the people suffering from hair loss, I too was excited into trying out the hair growth products. Honestly l have tried many hair growth products but none have managed to control hair loss but Livon hair gain Tonic comes from a reputed brand so with high hopes I bought a bottle of the hair growth product and started using it.

Livon Hair Gain Tonic review

I used Livon hair gain Tonic approximately for 2 months before I was just sick and tired of wasting money on another one of those useless hair growth products. You heard my right Livon hair gain Tonic is another of those useless hair growth products which didn’t help me to control hair loss let alone grow a hair tentacle.

Very expensively priced I expected Livon hair gain Tonic to at least control hair loss but after using the hair growth products for 2 months without any result I finally just gave up any hope of controlling hair loss. If such reputed brands like Livon hair gain Tonic play with the sentiments of people than don’t expect any other brand to work and control hair loss let alone grow back your lost pride.

After trying Livon hair gain Tonic I finally have excepted the fact that in few years time I will be bald like my dad and no cream, tonic or hair growth products can be able to grow back my hair. The advertisement of the hair growth product gives falls hopes of gaining back your hair with the help of Livon hair gain Tonic but all that is real crap and don’t waste money on this useless product. Instead of wasting money on Livon hair gain Tonic try something aurvedic and it might at least help your to control hair loss .

87 comments:

Abhi said...

I started using Livon hair gain tonic for last one month and have found the product satisfactory in terms of hair fall arresting.Truly it has reduced hair loss to almost negligible but as far as regrowth is concerned it has disappointed me.I would pay double if it can give me regrowth..I swear !

movie said...

ye bekaar hai. isko use karne se koi fayda nhi hota maine use kia hai 2 month lekin koi fayada nhi hua ye fake hai.

movie said...

meri aap sb ko ye hi salha ke isko use mat karo sirf paiseo ki barbadi hai.

Hemant said...

i am using this product from past 2 months and i feel that hair fall s reduced.. but m not seeing new hairs growing :)

amit dubey said...

i want to use this tonic frnds pls tell me its responce

niharika said...

niharika::; well its just a wastage of time and money ,,to b frank enough plenty of water consuming habbit n proper diet may help you rather thn this kind of fake products..

whitescorpu said...

I would suggest you to approach a dermatologist for they knoe the condition and prescribe accordingly.
For me they prescribed Trichorganics and I found it good as it prevent further hair fall and that is what I wanted and I am also seeing some growth.
Some even get hair with minoxidil,finasteride. U never know.

manuu... said...

hi friends ...
i want to use this product
izz it ok for the renewal of new hairr..

plzzz

varun verma said...

hi my friend mujko appne 1k brain ke bemari se apne lambey ball ktwane pare abb batao ma kya karu mere b'day 26aug,2011 ko hai aur ajj 31july,2011 hai mere pass sirf 25 din hai bolu wat i do ma appne bday wale din kisii ko propose krne wala tha par abb ma kase kroo tell me guys this produck 'livon hair gain' is wastage of money and time or use full product.

Kishan said...

advertise dekhane se uske result par mat jaye.real mein advertise ka 1% bhi sach nahi hota.

jivesh garg said...

will this livon product arrest androgenetic alopecia...

urmil said...

use rosemarry with ginger and rub onion ,u ll get back your hair. uj

Atul kumar Srivastava said...

i have read so many comment above,but main ise use kar raha hu aur iske istemal karne ka tarika sahi se agar nahi ho to iska effect 50% hi rahta hai, jab main pehla botal laya tha tab ise aise hi din me do baar istemal karta tha tab result sahi nahi mila,lekin jab maine dusri botal kharidi aur subah nahane ke bad aur saam ko sone ke waqt lagaya , paya livon ne work kiya aur comb karne par hair girna 90% kam ho gaya. so ye mera experence baki log kya bolte hai i dont care

Chandra Prakash Gupta said...

Use "Mintop forte 5%" instead of this its good and effective.Dr. Readdy product

ajay said...

Livon is useless. hair fall main koi assar nahi padta . maine ise 4 months use kiya hai par koi asar nahi.Par ye aapki sir ki skin ko soothing effect deta hai

Sandeep said...

thanks 4 good suggestion, u all prevented me from spending my hard earned money for useless product

prakash jadav said...

hey friends mene isse abhi abhi tray karna shuru kiya hai isse faayda hoga ki nai ye me nahi jaanta abhi tray kar rahaa hu
prakash
9825000904

imsproy said...

but it works on me....:)

jay said...

hey guy's plz. say truly...!!! easy use karna thik he ke nahi plz....
suggest to me and other friends...

Rajat said...

i used this product n even using it currently.. n i am very much satisfied with result...n yea it is tru... u shud apply this tonic in ryt manner... n b patient, it do work...

varun said...

After reading all the comments from u guys.

some says it's not worthy . some say it's ok ... finally we need a gain.

i think hair is very important than money . I will try one time 7 c.

thank u guys... Varun

samdish said...

bekaar hai

Satyendra Chakravorty said...

Hi
I want to purchase livon hair tonic
pls write to us how to purchase or nearby store.
Thanks
S.chakravorty
E-mail: schakravorty2003@gmail.com
India

May Queene Juhi said...

thanx batane ke liye dosto ab mai paisa barbaad nai karungi

May Queene Juhi said...

thanx yaaro

May Queene Juhi said...

yaaaak

Vipin said...

Guys, frankly speaking I never used it.
However I am using Minoxidil 5%. It is really working. At least hair fall has reduced, and hair are thick. I dont see any new hair though.
However its for male pattern balding only and not for women.

SANI O1O said...

I am 23 year old and suffering from hair fall problem.. plzz frnd's snuggest me any solid treatment.
pleaseeeeeeeeeee

Jignesh said...

Hair fall can be attributed to many problems.

like
1. heridity
2. hormonal defects/deficiency
3. Fungus
4. Excessive stress
5. Use of Chemical Products on hair

I am hereby based on my experience suggesting you the step wise method of reducing hair fall and promoting hair growth. Believe me this is very easy and very less expensive.

Step 1: when you experience hair fall. Keep your hair very short. I would prefer completely trim your hair and keep is to size 0 or 1 maximum. wash your scalp twice in a week with natural shampoo. And always cover your head with cap.

Step 2: First use Neem Oil to clear the possibility of Fungus in the roots.use it daily.Plese note that after applying oil on scalp before slipping, cover your scalp with wash cap and then cover with clean cloth. This will help deep penetration of the oil.


Step 3:After 3-4 months, mix 200 Ml of Extra Virgin Olive Oil with 100 Ml pure almond oil (rich in Vitamin E)and apply it daily night befor slipping and use neem oil once in a week (6 days oilv + almond oil and 1 day neem oil). Dont forget to wear washing cap and over that cloth. continue this without looking at the immediate result.

Step 4: Take black til (sesme seed), Amala (gooseberry), Triphala Poweder, Bhringraj equally and grind it well. Take two tbps daily with cow milk or cow ghee daily.

Step 5: Also take one pill of biotin (vitamin) apporx 600 ugram daily.

Step 6: You can also take turbun therapy every week.

Step 7: continue this treatment without looking at the results. in due course of time you will experience the results:

Step 8: trim your hair at regular interval of 3-4 weeks and dont allow it to grow more than 2mm (size zero).

This is very cost effective and homely method. Please do it and experience how it works.

ARVIND said...

hi friend my self Arvind from delhi mainy ise abhi use nhi kiya hai par aap logo ke comment padh kar confuse go gya hu ki ise use karo ki nhi pls reply me

RAVINDRA BAJETHA said...

hi i m Ravin dehradun..... 5 den use kra or hair foll ruk gya... dost ka use keya tha,,,, teak h yr ye....650 ka bt effetiv h

sakshi behl said...

maine iis product ki two bottels use ki hai per koi farek nai pada....
i think so that it is fake produt ......

Raj said...

My name raj 20 old may hair problem ke liye bahut tension may hu aur ek baat mere pahele bahut hair tha lekin ab 60% kam ho gaya hai .kya livon hair gain mera hair bapas la sake ga kya batao .aur ek baat kya livon hair gain 15 din ke andar mera 20% hair regrowth kar payega ki nhi plz batao and my num8908451499

Neeraj said...

Friends, I have used lot of oils,cream but nothing worked except MINTOP 2%(Minoxidil Topical Solution USP 2%). After using 3 months I can see thin hair in front as well as back portion. But still not thick hair. But I am satisfy. Atlease it works. Price is affordable only Rs. 185,

Neeraj said...

Use atleast 3 months. It will work for those who are suffering genetically/heredity. There are 5% and 10% available also. Girls must not use 5% and 10%. It is Dr.Reddy's product.

Raj said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Raj said...

Hey frd mera nam raj hai mera umra 20 year hai may hair fall se bahut paresan hu kya livon hair gain balo ko chadne se rokh ta hai ya nhi aur ek baat kya livon hair gain hair regrowth karta hai ya nhi plz frds batao. I am waiting your ans . Aur ek baat may livon hair gain avi avi use kar raha hu kya yai kuch side effec toh nhi karega na. Plzzzz frd batao . My no"8908451499" raj

dhawal said...

try .. ramdevs kesh oil only for 70 and it really helps try it ;)

dhawal said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Ramesh said...

i am using Livon from last 2 months,when i started using it i thought its not working but i thought to take risk and used regularly without fail after 1 month there was little improvment hair fall stopeed and after 45 days i found small hairs coming.
now its almost 3 months and i am seeing small hairs coming out its really working.. for me.

looks like it will take another 1 year small hairs to grow more..

but its amazing product thanks Livon

ritu said...

i have bought it today wid a hope that it will work.....

Monugolebaj said...

Monu said
Livon ki maa ka bhosda bda hi chodu product hai , sala ganje par 3 mahine se lga rha hu jhaant barabar bal b nai nikla :D AUR sala wahi hat jhanto par lga liya to jhante badh ke jhadi ho gai .......livon walo sir par lgane wala tonic nikalo jhante bdane wala nai..i Thnk itz bst for jhante...:p :p

jitender said...

Dnt use any chemical products..its better to use lure egg shampoo twice in a week..n try to stand upside down on morning,so as to increase ur heads blood circulation..avoid usage of any kind of oli,leave ur hair rough..if want use oil before shampoo..cover ur head while driving,drink lot of water n juice..n pls dont think abt ur hair fall..da more u think da more it fall its all happen because of tension n depression...jst check out any begger..he never losses any of his hairs..y? I think he dont even know wat is hair oil? N god knows about his food...i bet, definately not like us. So its nothing but jst tension...dont gv stress to ur brain n thats da good medicine for preventing hair lose...

Ashish said...

It is working for me. Using in proper manner should work out for others too.

rahul said...

use dove hair fall rescue shampoo + conditioner than use sesa hair fall therpy lotion...
it will work...

trilok said...

hello i am trilok...
i used these tonic its just a waste of money please don't use it. i have already used three bottles. and it also gave side effects on my hair.

Naveen said...

Hai guys am Naveen 23 years old experiencing with hair fall pls tell me livon hair gain tonic really works?

nitin kumar said...

.... i am experiencing the problem of hair fall from few years cause of some infection in my stomach since the age of 21... and when i am of 22 the stomach infection was cured but since then hair falls started very fast my hairs was very good before that i used to make many hair styles ....i had tried many things many medicines and expensive oils but one day in a medical store i saw a bottle of livion hair gain i thought just take it lets give it a try ...but after about 15 days i finds that it really works my hair fall reduce so i shaved my head and used this product to work better way on my scalp so that it can works up to its limit and i even find that with new hairs few tiny hairs are also there with the big one after a month ....its working good..its 3 months has been passed now i wont find any of my hairs any where lying in the room or stuck in the comb....but guys you wont trust me but i wont use oil and instead of that i use " nivea cream" its sounds crazy ..isint it ..which comes in the blue case as an oil. regularly. because its give the scalp a better moisturizer ..but believe me guys it works...i already tried home remedies like ginger ..vinger ..bull shit that doesn't work a bit :D ..cause Ayurveda doesn't effect on the advance species like us..:D..and yes take you vitamins E and vit A .caps time to time..simple... see aya hope it helps..

Kumar Manish said...

Hi All,
I am Manish, i hair is falling like anything i am suffering it from 6 yrs, i have gone through homeopathic medicines but did not get any relax, I have visited Dr. Batra but it seems they are just doing a business, they were forcing me to take medicine, i am in abroad, 1 yr consultations fees was 30K + medicines, total treatment was going around 50k.
i would have gone through treatment but i did not find any satisfactory answer from their side.

some body told me about Livon, i wanna use it, i just wanted to know how effective it is, if possible, some one please drop your number who got relax, i will talk n get some idea about it.

Thanks in advance.

Thanks
Manish

kancha chiina said...

isko istmaal karne se me gajni se pirates of the carribean ho gya hu.. galti se mu pe lag gya tha to wahan bhi baal aa gye..

yeh kaam karta hai bhaiyoo...
le leoooooooo lee loooooooooo...

aur bhennnoo .. tum bhi le looooo le loooo ya fir d.... dooo

kishu said...

can any one tell me minioxidil ke kitne tablets lene chahiye din me

papun said...

livon hairgain tonic its a fake product i have used 4 bottels of it worth rs 2400 of this bloody product of livon. i have lost more hairs due to applying it on my headmore n more hairs are lost for this its only name of livon n nothing except it pls don buy it it gives guarenty that it stops hairfall in 15 days n regrowths hair nothing qworking.........i have lost my money n hair because of this fucking product.....

Vinit Kumar Kamboj said...

I will suggest not to use livon. I am using it from last 25 days and hairfall is increased upto 60% before that my hairfall was stopped and I used it thinking that i will be getting all my hairs back....but now they again started falling down with rapid speed .... means in cuming 20 days there will be a petrol pump on my head... :( its completely useless.... Dont use it

Sudhir Khanna said...

Hi,

I am using livon hair gain since 2 months. My hairfall is reduced. Prior to using this product my hairs were falling like anything. But due to its usage small hairs are growing. It is a great product. You should use as per directions given. My id is sudhirkhanna2012@gmail.com. Rather using this product properly abusing is not the way.

Unknown said...

hello folks,
I am M. george, 22yrs old. Due to chicken pox i faced a severe problems regarding health, chicken pox caused me hair lost @ certain patch of my head, to re gain those hairs i used this "LIVON HAIRGAIN". ITS UNFORTUNATE THT THEY 'RE BEFOOLNG PPL. its a useless product i used it for 3 months forget abt hair grow it doesnt stop hair fall. this product would have banned if it had been in U.K or USA. bt its india

pawanaeronautic said...

bbbbbbbbaaaaaaaaakkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaassssssssss! or jada saans ko nahi khichskta nahi to infinity tak jata!zzzzzzz

moses Rongong said...

Hi, i am from sikkim i was also a regular user of livon hair gain but this product is not effective since this company is owned by a recent manifacturer, but it was very effective in arresting hair not regrowing hair and stopped my hair fall within 3 days and it remained good till 2011nov and than the product introduced by the new producers are not at all effective. I have used it more than 10months and i have got all those empty bottles that i used, but when the supply of this product suddenly stopped in the month of november 2011 most probably i guess. And so i tried to buy it but i couldnt get it anywhere else and phoned in the phone no. given below its cover and a male took the phone and said that this company is going to undertake by a new producer and the previous manefacturer are going to hand over this compny to the new owner. And he also added that do not worry this product will shortly be lunched within a month. But when this product was re-lunched with new cover with new blue logo on it so i again bought 2 bottle, but what i noticed after 2months is it wasnt effective at all, so i got shocked and phoned and complained to the customer care of livon hair gain but what they said is this is the same product with same ingredients.and i asked them about its duplicacy in india but they didnt responded properly..... Here are the no. that i phoned livon office 07927544475/ o9971490111...its distributor 03344000300....distributor siliguri west bengal 9163392912....livon sales manager 9830243243........since than the product is worst than everb4. user.ph no.8768434134 sikkim.

May Queene Juhi said...

what the fuck

Ashutosh singh thakur said...

i hvae bought this today let's hope for the best.
Ashutosh

Deepjyoti Sarma said...

ye kaam karta hai lekin
apna diet v maintain karna hoga
me 6 months se laga raha hu aur mujhe thora thora result mila hai.
lekin me v fully satisfied nahi hu...

aayush said...

RUB CRUSHED ONION JUICE OR PIECE OF ONION CUT INTO HALF ON THE BALD PART , IT WILL REGROW THE HAIR IN THE BALD PARTS. GUARANTEED

vinaynarendran vinu said...

HELLO GUYS LIVON HAIR GAIN DOES WORKS AND ACCLELERATES THE HAIR GROWTH IAM YEARS MY CLASSMATES WERE TEASING ME BECAUSE I HAVE LESS HAIR IN FRONT I USED AYURVEDIC PRODUCTS ALSO BUT IT DID'NT WORK LIVON DEPENDS ON OUR DIET MAINTAIN YOUR FOOD HABITS AND EAT FOODS RICH IN VITAMINS LIKE EGG CARROT CURRY LEAVES AND KEEP YOURSELF HEALTHY BY EXCERSIZING REGULARLY THEN IT WORKS IT WORKED FOR ME I HAVE GOT MY HAIR BACK I BET MY LIFE IT WORKS IF FOLLOW THIS STEPS I LOVE MY HAIR THANK YOU

Shyamprakash said...

Shyamprakash

Not gud at all...even the solution got spoil also...i am afraid of my hair now.

Raj said...

fake product

Venkataraman said...

I too was suffering heavy hair loss for the past 2 years. After a long fight, I found a combination of products that reduced my hair loss considerably.

One was Dove HairFall Rescue Shampoo and Conditioner.
And the other was a herbal hair oil called 'TampCol'. Besides bathing with Dove Shampoo and Conditioner once a week, I used to apply this hair oil daily.

Now, I can't say my hair fall fully stopped, but I can see just few hair fall instead of falling in locks.

I've heard that consumption of Vitamin B would reduce hair fall. I'm yet to try that.

sanjay said...

I have been practicing balayam yoga for the last 14 months. It has produced very small hairs on my bald area.

Nidhi Raghav said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Kumar S said...

Mere Sar mai sirf 2 bal the Mighty Raju ki tarah. Isko use karne ke agle din mere bal Preetam ki tarah ho gaye...amazing product.

Dr.Vivek Raskar said...

I have been using Livon Hair gain from past 2 months. While using it, I didn't see any difference for at least one month, but later on in got to see new hair buds and new hair follicles from the scalp where there was baldness, new roots were growing. Also apart from using livon I did take good care of my hair. Well I see lots of negative comments here, but livon hair gain doesn't work in those who have hereditary hair loss pattern, or hair loss due to any disease. I have got good results from it. And at least suggest you to give it a try, and if it's not working, then there must be some other reason for your hair fall.

punu said...

Read this article daily... ur stress level will reduce... m enjoying and laughing on user experiences...

Guys there is no need to use these fake products...

If u can grow hair,,, that only through blood circulation in ur scalp... ur diet... meditation...
drink lots n lots of water... keep ur scalp clean... that it...

DHARMDEV KUMAR SHARMA said...

livon hair gain kam kar ta hai ya nahi jo used kiya hai jara bol dejeye ga ye fek hai ya right so please inform that on my e-mail dharmdevkumarsharma@gmail.com

nikhil sharma said...

it works very slowly u need to use it consistantly for 2-3 years u will get good result.

Jugal Kishore said...

Friends, this product's capabilities depend on our sincerity. It will work if u read the instruction and precaution given in its instruction menu. follow everything its say to do. dont take stress. i have gained so many hairs b coz of it. i will soon paste my before and after Pics. i can help u if u really wana help urself n want grow hairs.Contact me for any help. i will reply. My email ID: jugalkishore1986@gmail.com.

Shashikant Fya said...

I am facing problem of hair fall. I was thinking to use this product. coz it is expensive , i was expecting to use it. but after ur reviews n comment,, i think i sud go for ayurvadik treatment.

-Shashikant Fya
fyabrowndreams.blogspot.in

Shashikant Fya said...

I am facing problem of hair fall. I was thinking to use this product. coz it is expensive , i was expecting to use it. but after ur reviews n comment,, i think i sud go for ayurvadik treatment.

-Shashikant Fya
fyabrowndreams.blogspot.in

karan gupta said...

Okees.. As hair imp more den money..lets try once..:)

Kalpana Chauhan said...

Thanks for your information. but you can Post Free Classified Ads related business, products and services to increase more customers.

Ashish Roy said...

Friends, I have been using Livon hair gain tonic for last 9 months. When I started using it, it said to myself that no matter what I will use it at least for 1 year before coming to any conclusion on it effectiveness. In the last 9 months, hair fall has definitely stopped and I can see my bald area reduced, though not very dramatic. I want to give this produc some more time to show desired results. The key is to be patient. Nothing is magic. Remember, contruction is more difficult and time consuming the destruciton. Therefore, if your hair have been falling for many years, at least give yourself 1 year's time for test a product. I not saying this only for this product but for any other hair treatment product you may wan to use.

Mayank Varshney said...

for all who are suffering from hair loss ..just go to patanjali yogpithe doctor...it will help you a lot ..If you tried so many things than try this one also...

akash said...

Dr reddy
mintop 2 for women
mintop 5 for men
is much better and working
also affordable than this livon hair gain tonic

sure said...

Good news... good news... good news..

sure hair growth formu try this prod.... its above all but not really famous
I am like u people.. I doubted this prod but I saw no option.. something is better then nothing.. I believed in me not in the amount.. I wish I could come to you guys and meet personally to explain about my experience. Any gender can use it
I gurantee you one product will give u satisfaction related to all hair problem... sure hair growth formula
dont go with the advertisement all these are fake
sure hair growth formula is not very well not advertised product and also its not every wher in the market..
but one thing I commit it really works.. this prod gives proven results in 15 days.. all garlic based formula
price is even very convinient..499 rs I hope this amount we spent every day in waste things

now trust once and get remarkably results..
choice is yours
benefits I got
stopped my heavy hair fall immediately
I can really C more then two hairs in one pore
max hair growth what they say
stopps thinning of hair which is major cause of hair fall
new growth..in 15-20 days.. believe me u will get all these benefits.. just listen to your self and have faith
I really care your emotions but trust is everything..
I trusted and I got benefits... if you want the prod then mail them at surehairgrowthformula@gmail.Com with your complete address details.. they do immideate delivery in delhi-ncr

sure said...

Good news... good news... good news..

sure hair growth formula try this prod.... its above all but not really famous
I am like u people.. I doubted this prod but I saw no option.. something is better then nothing.. I believed in me not in the amount.. I wish I could come to you guys and meet personally to explain about my experience. Any gender can use it
I gurantee you one product will give u satisfaction related to all hair problem... sure hair growth formula
dont go with the advertisement all these are fake
sure hair growth formula is not very well not advertised product and also its not every wher in the market..
but one thing I commit it really works.. this prod gives proven results in 15 days.. all garlic based formula
price is even very convinient..499 rs I hope this amount we spent every day in waste things

now trust once and get remarkably results..
choice is yours
benefits I got
stopped my heavy hair fall immediately
I can really C more then two hairs in one pore
max hair growth what they say
stopps thinning of hair which is major cause of hair fall
new growth..in 15-20 days.. believe me u will get all these benefits.. just listen to your self and have faith
I really care your emotions but trust is everything..
I trusted and I got benefits... if you want the prod then mail them at surehairgrowthformula@gmail.Com with your complete address details.. they do immideate delivery in delhi-ncr

sure said...

believe me i am like you guys .. when my uncle told me first time i did not believed but... dear folks it works.... plz plz plz turst me .. it gives result more then your imagination.. just listen to yourself... many people will say that i am a marketing guy noooooooo
i am an engineer working with spice jet... just mail surehairgrowthformula@gmail.com

arpita shrivastava said...

don't use it , use kesh king oil it is working and see after 6 month continue trust me bcoz i have used.
any doubt so can inform in
"shriarpita1991@rediffmail.com"

ashish said...

guys use minoxidil five percent on your scalp daily for three months it will increase circulation and dilate follicle. new hairs will surely grow. hair fall occurs when they come into telogen phase from annagen. minox will return hair into anagen phase and stop fall. it is scientifically proved approved by dermatologist. brand names mintop, gain etc. nothing else works. improve your diet and take plenty of water. i hoe it helps.

Ken T said...

Hey you people dont waste money on treatment and this product.Try NIOXIN shampoo for reduce hair fall and thin hair. Also hair booster for grow hair.good luck.

Ken T said...

Also do not use Rogain product.I used it for 1 year and no result.